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新概念英语二册语法:现在进行时

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发表于 2020-5-10 14:02:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  下面为大家带来新概念英语第二册语法:现在进行时,希望对大家的新概念英语学习有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注北京新东方的新概念英语课程~
  现在进行时:is /am / are + 现在分词
  1.表示现在正在进行的动作。如
  . Thekettle is boiling. Shall I make tea?
  . Don'tyou think you eat too much? You're putting on weight(体重增加)。
  . Theworkers are building a new bridge across the river.
  2.表现阶段正进行的动作。
  . He istaking physics this semester(本学期)。
  . Wearepreparing for our final examination this week.
  3.go, come, leave, arrive, land, meet, die, start, return, join, etc. 用于进行时态时表示即将开始的动作。
  . Look! The bus is coming.看!车来了!
  . The oldman is seriously ill, and he is dying.
  . Alice isleaving for Beijing with her mother.
  4.与 always, forever,continually, constantly 等副词连用,表示说话人带有感*彩:赞赏或厌恶。
  . He isalways thinking of others.(他总是想着别人。)
  . The boyis continually making noises.(这男孩不断地发出吵闹声。)
  . Theteacher is constantly (always) criticizing her for being late.(老师一直在批评她迟到。)
  5.下面表示状态、感觉、情绪、精神活动的动词不可用于进行时。
  (此条戒律请背 10遍!!!)
  believe(相信),doubt(怀疑),see(看见),hear(听见) ,know(知道),understand (理解),belong(属于),think(认为),consider(认为),feel(觉得),look(看起来), seem(看上去),show(显示),mind(介意),have(有),sound(听起来),taste(尝起来), require(要求),possess(拥有),care(关心),like(喜欢),hate(讨厌),love(喜爱), detest(憎恨),desire(意欲)
  【简单记忆】
  永远不要说I'mbelieving...或He is seeing a house. 再简单一点说,这些动词后面不要随意加-ing.
  可怕的是:我们在写作及口语中常犯此类大错!
  注意:have aparty / think about可以用进行时,因为这里have意为“举行”;think意为“考虑”。
  【测试精编】
  1. How canyou ________ If you are not ________ ?
  A.listening / hearing B. hear / listening
  C. belistening / heard D. be hearing / listening to
  2.The girleven won't have her lunch before she ________ her homework.
  A. willfinish B. is finishing
  C. hadfinished D. finishes
  3. Thosewho have applied for the post(职位)________ in the office.(此题超前)
  A. arebeing interviewed B. are interviewing
  C.interviewing D. to be interviewing
  4. The oldscientist ________ to do more for the country.
  A. iswishing B. has been wishing
  C. wishesD. has been wished
  5. If he________, don't wake him up.
  A. stillsleeps B. is still sleeping
  C. stillhas been sleeping D. will be sleeping still
  【练习答案】
  1.B 2.D3.A 4.C 5.B

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