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动词的-ing形式

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发表于 2020-5-15 23:39:02 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  下年分享中考英语语法知识-动词的-ing形式做定语。更多相关知识点也可关注下北京新东方的中考英语课程。
  动词的-ing形式既包括动名词又包括现在分词,在英语中使用极其广泛,同时也是高考中的重要考点,因此要求每位高中学生对其都应清楚了解并正确运用。下面就动词的-ing形式在句中做定语总结如下:
  动词的-ing形式做定语在句中通常有两个位置,如果是单个的动词的-ing形式做定语,常放在被修饰词前做前置定语;如果是动词的-ing形式的短语做定语,常放在被修饰词后做后置定语。如:
  1.He is an attacking player.他是一个攻击型的运动员。
  2.He asked an embarrassing question.他提了一个令人难堪的问题。
  3.A little child learning to walk oftenfalls.学走路的小孩常常跌跤。
  4.Do you know the number of people coming tothe party?你知道来参加晚会的人数吗?
  注意:当-ing形式做后置定语时,可以相当于相应的定语从句。如:
  1.A young man writing novels came to speak tous yesterday.
  →A young man who writes novels came to speakto us yesterday.
  一位写小说的青年昨天来向我们作报告。
  2.The girl sitting next to me was my cousin.
  →The girl who was sitting next to me was mycousin.坐在我旁边的姑娘是我表妹。
  -ing形式做定语通常从以下三方面考查,即:
  1)说明被修饰词的性质,特征或用途。如:
  1.They set up an operating table in a smalltemple.他们将手术台架设在一座小庙里。
  2.He may be in the reading room,for all I know.他说不定在阅览室里。
  3.Ladies and gentlemen,please go and wait in the meeting room.女士们先生们,请去会议室等待。
  2)与被修饰词为主动关系且表示正在进行的动作。如:
  1.There were about 200 children studying inthe art school.有大约二百个孩子在这所艺术学校学习。
  2.Who is the woman talking to our Englishteacher?
  正在和我们英语老师谈话的那位妇女是谁?
  3)有些-ing形式已经转化成形容词,常做定语用来修饰物,表示“令人……”。常用的此类词有:exciting,amusing,amazing,astonishing,shocking,puzzling,confusing,disappointing,discouraging,pleasing,striking,boring,tiring,touching,moving,interesting,satisfying,terrifying,frightening等。如:
  1.That must have been a terrifyingexperience.那准时一段可怕的经历。
  2.The experiment was an amazing success.那项试验是一个惊人的成功。
  3.There is a page missing from this book.这本书缺了一页。
  除了-ing形式能做定语外,如果-ing形式与被修饰词是被动关系,就用它的被动式,即being done.being doing通常表示正在被做,常做后置定语。如:
  1.The tall building being built now is ournew school.正在被建的高楼是我们的新学校。
  2.The question being discussed was presentedby the headmaster.正在被讨论的问题是被校长提出的。
  -ing形式做定语专练
  1.The lady said she would buy a gift for herdaughter with the _____.
  A.20 dollars remained  B.20 dollars to remain
  C.remained 20 dollars  D.remaining 20 dollars.
  2.The wild flowers looked like a soft orangeblanket ______ the desert.
  A.covering  B.covered  C.cover  D.to cover
  3.I was told that there were about 50 foreignstudents ____ Chinese in the school,most _____ werefrom Germany.
  A.study;of whom    B.study;of them
  C.studying;of them  D.studying;of whom
  4.The question ______ at present hassomething important to do with our daily life.
  A.to be discussing   B.todiscuss
  C.been discussed    D.being discussed
  5.China is a_____country______to the thirdworld.
  A.developed;belongs   B.developing;belonging
  C.developing;belongs  D.developed;belonged
  6.---Who is the man______to the teacher?
  ---A model worker_____our school.
  A.talks,visits   B.is talking;is visiting
  C.talking;visiting  D.talking;visited
  7.How many of us________,say,a meeting that has nothing to do with uswill be interested in the discussion?
  A.attend  B.attending  C.to attend  D.have attended
  8.The flowers_____sweet in the botanic gardenattract the visitors to the beauty of nature.
  A.to smell  B.smelling  C.smelt  D.to besmelt
  答案:D A D D B C B B

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