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五分钟新概念|礼尚往来

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发表于 2020-7-29 20:00:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Lesson 11
  One good turn deserves another
  每个人身边都有那么一两个
  喜欢自作聪明的人
  大家可能嘴上不说
  但是多多少少会心生反感
  今天就让我们跟随北京新东方英语学习部老师一起来看看
  作者身边赚着高薪的托尼.斯蒂尔
  是个怎样的人呢?
  I was having dinner at a restaurant whenHarry Steele came in. Harry worked in a lawyer's office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays itback. Harry saw me and came and sat at the same table. Hehas never borrowed money from me. While he was eating,I asked him to lend me twenty pounds. To my surprise,he gave me the money immediately. 'I have never borrowed any money from you,' Harry said, 'so now you can pay for mydinner!'
  ONE 一词多用
  文中例句
  One good turn deserves another 礼尚往来
  语法解析
  (1)a good turn,“善事”,“好事”
  日行一善:a good turn for the day
  善有善报:one good turn deserves another.
  (2)deserve,“值得”;
  你当之无愧:You deserve it!
  你活该啊!:You deserve it!
  TWO 过去时态辨析
  文中例句
  1. I was having dinner at a restaurant whenHarry Steele came in.
  我正在一家饭馆吃饭,托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来。
  2. Harry worked in a lawyer's office yearsago.
  托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作。
  语法解析
  1. was having,过去进行时
  was/were doing, 表示过去某一时刻或某一时段正在进行的动作(此处属于“时刻”用法)。
  2. (1) worked,一般过去时
  表示过去某时间发生的动作。
  更多例句
  1. I was having a talk with Li Hua at thattime.
  那时,我正在跟李华谈话。
  I was watching TV at home last night.
  昨晚我一直在看电视
  2. We haven’t seeneach other for years.
  It’s years since welast met.
  我们多年没见了。
  THREE 现在时态辨析
  文中例句
  1. He is now working at a bank.
  他现在在一家银行上班。
  2. …but he alwaysborrows money from his friends and never pays it back.
  …但他却总是向朋友借钱,并且从来不还。
  语法解析
  1. is working, 现在进行时
  be + doing, 表示现在时刻或现在时段正在发生的动作。此处属于“现在时段”的用法。
  2. borrows,pays,一般现在时
  动词第三人称单数形式,表示经常发生的或习惯性的动作。
  FOUR 有借有还
  文中例句
  He has never borrowed money from me. While hewas eating, I asked him to lend me twenty pounds.
  他从未向我借过钱,但他吃饭时,我提出向他借20英镑。
  语法解析
  1. 借进来,borrow (from)
  借出去,lend (to)
  I don’t like to borrowfrom friends.
  我不喜欢和朋友借钱。
  I’ve lent the car toa friend.
  我把车借给一位朋友了。
  2. pay “偿还、支付”:
  还清贷款:pay off the mortgage
  付晚饭钱:pay for my dinner
  还账单:pay the bill
  付房租:pay the rent
  付罚金:pay a fine
  FIVE 巧用连词
  文中例句
  Harry saw me and came and sat at the sametable.
  托尼看见了我,就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前。
  语法解析
  (1)如果连接两个以上的词语,通常把and放在最后一个词语前面,如:
  I like eggs, meat, rice, bread and milk.
  我喜欢鸡蛋、肉、米饭、面包和牛奶。
  (2)为了强调,可在两者之间分别加上and,如:
  saw and came and sat
  and 连接三个动作,体现此处动作的连贯性。
  (3)and连接前后两个相同的语法成分,此处为连接时态相同的两个动词;还可以连接短语或句子。如:
  You must look after yourself and keephealthy.
  你必须照顾自己并保持身体健康。(连接动词短语)。
  更多例句
  All that afternoon I jumped and sang and didall kinds of things. 那天整个下午我又唱又跳,做各种各样的事情。(事情一件接一件,强调做了很多事情)
  They teach us Chinese and we teach themEnglish. 他们教我们汉语,我们教他们英语。(连接两个简单句)

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