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GRE填空备考:重复关系

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发表于 2020-11-13 19:47:51 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  自GRE改革以来,可以说填空部分的难度有所加大,新GRE填空,不仅要考查句子内部各部分之间的逻辑推理能力,还要考查句与句之间的逻辑推理能力。许多考生面对当下的情形总是不知所措,不晓得该如何进行备考,下面为大家带来GRE填空备考相关内容,供考生参考与学习,在此预祝大家取得好成绩!
  (1) 简单的直接重复
  The eradication of pollution is not merely amatter of ___, though the majestic beauty of nature isindeed an important consideration.
  A. economics B. legislation C. cleanliness D.aesthetics E. restoration
  尽管大自然的美确实很重要,但污染的消除不仅是什么问题,当然不仅是美的问题。
  Comparatively few rock musicians are willingto laugh at themselves, although a hint of----can boostsales of video clips very nicely.
  A. self-deprecation B. congeniality C.cynicism D. embarrassment E. self-doubt
  摇滚乐手很少自嘲,尽管什么东西能促进录像短片的销售,当然就填自嘲。
  Melodramas, whichpresented stark oppositions between innocence and criminality, virtue and corruption, good and evil, were popular precisely because they offered the audience a world___of___.
  A. bereft.. theatricality B. composed..adversity C. full.. circumstantiality D. deprived.. polarity
  E. devoid.. neutrality
  Melodramas这个词不认识也没关系,既然它表现的是无辜与罪行、道德与堕落、善与恶之间的刻板对立,那么它提供给观众什么样的世界呢?当然是刻板对立的世界,只有E选项符合要求。
  (2) 解释型重复
  The Muses are___deities: they avenge themselves without mercy on those who weary of their charms.
  A. rueful B. ingenuous C. solicitous D.vindictive E. dispassionate
  冒号后面的内容就是正确选项D这个词的释义,所以不知道缪斯是什么东西也能轻松选对。
  Unenlightened authoritarian managers rarelyrec**nize a crucial reason for the low levels of serious conflict among membersof democratically run work groups: a modicum oftolerance for dissent often prevents___.
  A. demur B. schism C. cooperation D.compliance E. shortsightedness
  冒号后面的内容解释了民主方式运作的工作团体中为何少有严重的冲突,所以即使看不懂amodicum of
  tolerance for dissent是什么东西,也应该知道这个东西避免了严重冲突,故选B。
  (3) 根据语法结构推断重复:
  The valedictory address, as it has developed in American colleges and universities over theyears, has become a very strict form, a literary ___ that permits very little ___.
  A. text.. clarity B. work.. tradition C.genre.. deviation
  D. oration.. grandiloquence E. achievement..rigidity
  a literary ___ that permits very little ___. 是前面的a very strict form的同位语,所以第一空格填form的同义或近义词,that permits very little___. 这个从句完成后应为strict的同义或近义词。
  Many more eighteenth-century novels werewritten by women than by men, but this dominance has,until very recently, been regarded merely as___ fact, a bit of arcane knowledge noted only bybibli**raphers.
  A. a controversial B. a statistical C. ananalytical D. an explicit E. an unimpeachable
  这道题同样,a bit of arcane knowledge noted only bybibli**raphers.是前面的___ fact的同义重复,所以空格应填入文献学家关注的事实,已知的五个选项里显然只有B选项的statistical(统计的)是文献学家的份内工作。
  (4) 凭借具有指示作用的形容词或代词来寻找重复
  Longdale and Stern discovered thatmitochondria and chloroplasts ___ a long, identifiablesequence of DNA; such a coincidence could be ___ onlyby the transfer of DNA between the two systems.
  A. manufacture.. accomplished B. reveal..repeated C. exhibit.. determined
  D. share.. explained E. maintain..contradicted
  下半句的such a coincidence说明第一空格的动词填入后应体现为是一种巧合,两个看不懂是什么的、只知道是不一样的东西(非相关专业的绝大部分学生是不太可能认识mitochondria和chloroplasts这两个词的)怎样了一个长的、可以认为是一模一样的DNA序列就是一个巧合呢?当然只有D的share表示了这个意思。
  Laws do not ensure social order since lawscan always be ___ , which makes them ___ unless theauthorities have the will and the power to detect and punish wrongdoing.
  A. contested.. provisional B. circumvented..antiquated C. repealed.. vulnerable
  D. violated.. ineffective E. modified..unstable
  Which指代逗号前面的那句话,也就是“法律不保障社会秩序”,这就使得法律怎样呢?当然只有D选项的ineffective符合句意。
  在谈技巧之前要注意自己的基础,首先是词汇是基础,记住GRE词汇书上的百分之八、九十的词汇;其次,很好的阅读理解能力和清晰的逻辑头脑。这是最基本的两点。详细的解题方法如下:
  3. 对于含义晦涩的句子,判断语气或感情色彩是有效地解决方法,有时候甚至是唯一的方法。
  Johnson never ___ to ignore the standards ofdecent conduct mandated by company policy if ___ compliance with instructionsfrom his superiors enabled him to do so, whatever theeffects on his subordinates.
  A. deigned.. tacit B. attempted.. halfheartedC. intended.. direct
  D. scrupled.. literal E. wished.. feigned
  这句话对于英语阅读能力较差的学生来说,通过正常的阅读理解来做还是有些难度的。但是如果注意到whateverthe effects on his subordinates(无论对下级产生什么影响)的语气,就可以判断第一空格填入后应表示johnson干的不是什么好事,唯一符合这一判断的是D选项。
  Ironically, the partyleaders encountered no greater ___ their efforts to build a pr**ressive partythan the ___ of the pr**ressives already elected to the legislature.
  A. support for.. advocacy B. threat to..promise C. benefit from.. success
  D. obstacle to.. resistance E. praise for..reputation
  如果知道encounter的正确用法,就可以判断第一空格应填入一个负面色彩的词,这样就轻松排除了A、C、E三个选项,结合后面的意思来看,只能选D。
  Although ___ is usually thought to springfrom regret for having done something wrong, it may bethat its origin is the realization that one's own nature is irremediably ___.
  A. contrition.. resilient B. certitude..confident C.skepticism.. innocent
  D. remorse.. flawed E. resignation. frivolous
  第二空格被副词irremediably(不可救药地)修饰,根据这个词带出的语气可以判断第二空格应填入一个负面色彩的词,符合这一判断的只有D、E两个选项。第一空格remorse的意思完全地对应“regret for having done something wrong”,故选D。
  Any language is a conspiracy againstexperience in the sense that it is a collective attempt to ___ experience byreducing it into discrete parcels.
  A. extrapolate B. transcribe C. complicate D.amplify E. manage
  这句话如果没有看过相关背景的书籍几乎是不可理解的,但是我们可以通过语气和感情色彩的判断来排除错误的选项,最终剩下一个看不出错的选项,也就是正确选项了。因为语言是对抗经验的阴谋(conspiracy against),所以空格应填入一个负面色彩的动作,只有C选项(使复杂化、使变得麻烦)和E选项(manage除了中性的经营管理之外,还可以表示负面的操纵控制)符合这一判断。结合方式状语by reducing(减少、分解、简化)来看,C选项应被排除,最后剩下仍然看不懂句意的E选项就对了。
  要想了解更多关于GRE考试相关知识点,请及时关注北京新东方的GRE系列课程。从强化到精讲精练班,再到冲分班课程,满足学员考试前的不同需求~

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